Annotated bibliography

“East Indian” essay from the book Literary Occasions by author V. S. Naipaul

Naipaul, V. S., and Pankaj Mishra. Literary Occasions: Essays. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. In the essay “East Indian,” from the book “Literary Occasions,” author V. S. Naipaul illustrates through story telling an unforgettable encounter he experienced with a man native from India. Naipaul questions what constitutes as a true identity and how colonialism has impacted many cultures and societies. Naipaul draws upon common perceptions of former explorers and imperialists such as Christopher Columbus in order to attempt to define regions where land is inhibited. While Naipaul notes that Trinidad, a small island located in the Caribbean Sea, has not been heavily influenced by Hindu culture, he fails to include much about the country’s rise as an independent nation. This explains why Naipaul was so alarmed by his shocking encounter with this man on his flight; highlighting how rare it is to experience an Indian who is from Trinidad. If you are looking for a heartwarming tale of two individuals from diversified cultures coming together, than this essay may not the right resource from you. Rather, it details how globalization and colonization have helped countries to separate and distinguish their own natural identities

“Planetarity” chapter from the book Death of a Discipline by author Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Death of a Discipline. New York: Columbia UP, 2003. Print. In the chapter “Planetarity,” from the novella “Death of a Discipline,” author Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak describes how she would like to redefine comparative literature. The chapter points out the idea of Planetarity and how capitalist powers must be taken down. Spivak declares that everyone who inhibits the world is closely connected with one another and their actions will produce repercussions that may be costly. Although the author describes the parallels between globalization and the pre-colonialist era, she fails to acknowledge that during these differing time periods individuals had different motives for why they did what they did. The author declares that cultural studies are heavily invested in new immigrant groups which is why she seeks to move away from this base and target older minority groups. This essay is a good resource for those interested in observing a new perspective on comparative literature and how it should be redefined through the author’s eyes. However, this is only a starting point because it remains to be one of the very few literary pieces that publicly displays the necessity to transform comparative literature.

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